He served as Congress president from to , during which the Quit India rebellion was launched. Concise Encyclopaedia of India. Azad and the Ali brothers — Maulana Mohammad Ali and Shaukat Ali — warmly welcomed Congress support and began working together on a programme of non-co-operation by asking all Indians to boycott British-run schools, colleges, courts, public services, the civil service, police and military. In , his father moved to Kolkata formarly known as Calcutta. The political environment in India re-energised in with nationalist outrage against the Simon Commission appointed to propose constitutional reforms. If Hinduism has been the religion of the people here for several thousands of years Islam also has been their religion for a thousand years. Educated according to the traditional curriculum, the young Kalam learnt Arabic and Persian at first and then philosophy, geometry, and algebra.
He always supported the cause of Hindu-Muslim unity and opposed the demand for a separate Muslim state of Pakistan. He was a pillar of strength to the Congress ever since he joined the organization. Azad also discovered that the revolutionary activities were mostly restricted to Bengal and Bihar. In this period Azad also became active in his support for the Khilafat agitation to protect the position of the Sultan of Ottoman Turkey , who was considered the Caliph or Khalifa for Muslims worldwide. Along with fellow Khilafat leaders Dr. He was one of the architects of Modern India. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad tried to convince his colleagues to shed their hostility towards Muslims.
He later blamed both Congress Party leaders and Mohammed Ali Jinnahthe founder of Pakistan, for the ultimate division of the subcontinent. I have no doubt that the establishment of this Institute will form a landmark in the progress of maulnaa technological education and research in the country.
Internet URLs are the best. It has great importance in the life of At the bottom of the article, feel free to list any sources that support your changes, so that we can fully understand their context. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was one of the foremost leaders of Indian freedom struggle.
Both Azad and Gandhi shared a deep passion for religion and Azad developed a close friendship with him. mmaulana
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad : Biography, History, Facts and Achievements
When Gandhi embarked on the Dandi Salt March that inaugurated the Salt Satyagraha inAzad organised and led the nationalist raid, albeit non-violent on the Dharasana salt works to protest the salt tax and restriction of its production and sale. Retrieved telhgu April The political environment in India re-energised in with nationalist outrage against the Simon Commission appointed to propose constitutional reforms.
Views Read Esasy View history. Despite Azad’s call for Hindu-Muslim unity, Jinnah’s popularity amongst Muslims soared and the League entered a coalition with the Congress in December, but continued to boycott the constituent assembly.
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Institute of Asian Studies Maulana Abul Kalam Azad : A short Biography
Those who remember the days of the Muslim League agitation are aware how Maulana Sahib stood four squares against communalism. With his popularity increasing across India, the government outlawed Azad’s second publication under the Defence of India Regulations Act and arrested him. Although frustrated at their incarceration and isolation, Azad and his companions attested to feeling a deep satisfaction at having done their duty to their country and people.
He is celebrated wssay one of the founders and greatest patrons of the Jamia Millia Islamia.
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Biography
The three men founded the Jamia Millia Islamia in Delhi as an institution of higher education managed entirely by Indians without any British support or control. Azad was cast in the same kind of mould and was a gracious product of the Indo-Semetic Culture which had ripened during the last thousand years. Express News Service, Expressindia. Learn More in these related Britannica articles: Non-violence and Hindu-Muslim unity were universally emphasised, while the boycott of foreign goods, especially clothes were abuul.
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad then started another weekly called Al-Balagh with maulaba same mission of propagating Indian nationalism and revolutionary ideas based on Hindu-Muslim unity.
Maulana Azad: Essay on Maulana Abul Kalam Azad
Maulana Azad was again arrested in for violation of the salt laws as part of Gandhiji’s Salt Satyagraha. As the British policies of ‘divide and rule’ gained roots in the nation’s social psyche, Azad remained the staunchest opponent of the partition of India.
The book is primarily an Urdu language book; however, maullana are over five hundred of couplets, mostly in Persian and Arabic languages. He adopted the pen name Azad Free.
Azad served as president of the Unity Conference in Delhi, using his position to work to re-unite the Swarajists and the Khilafat leaders under the common banner of the Congress. After the war Azad was one of the Indian leaders who negotiated for Indian independence abu, the British. There was a problem with your submission. The governments of the Bombay PresidencyUnited ProvincesPunjab and Delhi prohibited his entry into the provinces and Azad was moved kalzm a jail in Ranchiwhere he was incarcerated until 1 January All political prisoners were released in and Azad led the Congress in the elections for the new Constituent Assembly of Indiawhich would draft India’s constitution.
Arguing that the rebellion had been mistimed, Azad attempted to convince his colleagues that the Congress should agree to negotiate with the British and call for the suspension of disobedience if the British agreed to transfer power.