A few of the highlights from the article were:. This grim depiction reflects the forlorn condition of Kansas in the late s and early s, when a combination of scorching droughts, severe winters, and an invasion of grasshoppers reduced the prairie to an uninhabitable wasteland. In an ingenuous act of imaginative scholarship, Henry M. His conduct on the journey through Oz is marked by common sense, resilience, and rectitude. She is Everyman , led astray and seeking the way back home.
The reaction to Littlefield was, predictably, mixed. Literary criticism Metallism Oz studies. Strictly speaking, it is not a parable at all if parable is defined as a story with a didactic purpose. Complete text of Baum’s editorials. Silber in The Story of Silver:
However, Baum merely wanted to tell a good story, and not to add any hidden meaning.
A thewis of the highlights from the article were:. In his day he saw his son and his tribe gradually driven from their possessions: Fantastic fairytale Populist parable? In his reading of The Wizard of Oz, Littlefield believed that Dorothy was a stand-in for the average American, and that the magic silver shoes represented the late s free silver movement.
Littlefield eventually wrote an article, ” The Wizard of Oz: This littlefield would seem to be the final word on what is certainly one of the most fascinating literary puzzles of the twentieth century. His conduct on the journey through Oz is marked by common sense, resilience, and rectitude.
Populism and the World of Oz | National Museum of American History
In itself, however, this discovery proves nothing. This page was last edited on 10 Mayat Silver shoes on a golden road? The cap had already been used twice, once to enslave the Winkies and again to drive the Wizard out of the West, patent injustices committed through the power of gold. In conjunction with what is known about Baum and his oeuvre, it is reasonable to conclude that The Wonderful Wizard of Oz was in large part intended along the lines Littlefield laid down forty years ago.
So Was the Wizard of Oz an Allegory for Populism?
Glinda could have told Dorothy that the “silver slippers would easily do the job [of returning Dorothy to her beloved home] but decided that a destabilizing force such as Dorothy might be just the thing to shake up her other rival [The Wizard of Oz]. Blog Home About Archive.
Retrieved November 9, Other putative allegorical devices of the book include the Wicked Witch of the West as a figure for the actual American West ; if this is true, then the Winged Monkeys could represent another western danger: The discovery was little less than astonishing: Literary criticism Metallism Oz studies.
The Johns Hopkins University Press. Dorothy, the protagonist of the story, represents an individualized ideal of the American people. Littlefiepd Bryan nomination created a split in the Democratic Party, as gold-standard delegates bolted the convention.
Together they find the wizard, defeat the Wicked Witch of the West and each finds what he was looking for.
Although some of the parallels are more tenuous than others, many are so obvious and palpable as to defy coincidence. This littleefield a long article. Archived from the original on 14 June In light of the obvious parallels and correspondences in Oz litttlefield, the disclaimer stands revealed for what it truly is: The references to gold and silver echo the prominence of monetary politics in the s, especially the bimetallic crusade led by Bryan and the Populists.
Populism and the World of Oz
The Bryan nomination created a split in the Democratic Party, as gold-standard delegates bolted the convention. Stay tuned for updates on the project.
About project SlidePlayer Terms of Service. Each predator is summoned by blowing on a silver whistle, another example of a malicious use of the o metal.
Baum was not the first to use the metaphor. Download ppt “The Wizard of Oz: The Wizard of Oz. According to this view, for instance, the Yellow Brick Road represents the gold standardand the Silver Shoes Ruby slippers in the film version represent the Silverite sixteen to one silver ratio dancing down the road. Second, the Celestial Kingdom was the only major nation still on the silver standard.