IJATT CASE STUDY

The Oxford levels of evidence 2. An essential component of the exploration CASE report is the reporting of the critical key feature s that led to the clinical decisions and outcomes. The clinical strategy within the CASE series should be described in a way that allows other clinicians to readily reproduce it. This demonstrates the need for clinician input—the need for the best practices and clinical effectiveness to serve as directions for future clinical research. Present a series of unique AND similar cases. Open in a separate window. To support the enhanced importance of the case study, a comprehensive and descriptive model for 1 defining the nature of uniqueness and 2 generating a hierarchy of Clinical CASE Reports within the validation and exploration structure was needed.

One method to bridge the gap between clinical research and practice is the case study. The hallmarks of unique cases are atypical presentations of features. Of note, the authors of this type of case study would not simply report the taping technique but would follow the structure of the traditional case study, discussing key features of the athlete, the therapy technique, specific outcomes of the treatment, a discussion of relevant evidence from the literature, and how this case contributes to a potentially important direction of the evidence. The levels also help to characterize the rigor of the evidence that can be derived from each type of Clinical CASE Report. In contrast, exploration CASE reports describe clinical decision outcomes that were based predominantly on internal evidence individual clinical experience within the professional body of knowledge. Clinical case reports as the intersection of research, education, and practice. Provide a framework for advancing the current perspectives for the key features associated with the condition of interest and warrants at least investigation at the next level of evidence case series Level 4:

Key features of the athlete’s specific case, the taping technique that allowed the athlete to fully participate symptom free, and discussion of the outcomes of this case would be expected. Validation CASE reports describe clinical decision outcomes that were guided by the best available research evidence.

Clinical Contributions to the Available Sources of Evidence (CASE) Reports: Executive Summary

Provide evidence for athletic trainers interacting with other health care professionals for making decisions associated with a condition that is not prevalent in physically active populations Format Present a case that confirms or refutes a previously published result.

  TAMUC THESIS PROPOSAL

These rare event CASE reports describe the recognition or treatment of conditions that are both rare in the physically active population and potentially life or limb threatening. Specific clinical experiences in which there was a unique factor, whether observational, diagnostic, prognostic, therapeutic, harm, or screening, should all be considered.

National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. A model for unique versus rare case studies. After searching the best available evidence, the clinician decided to use evidence from a published randomized controlled trial.

Clinical Contributions to the Available Sources of Evidence (CASE) Reports: Executive Summary

The 3 critical components of evidence-based practice are the use of the best available research along with patient values and clinical expertise to enhance decision making.

Further, even though certain relatively rare conditions are taught in general medical courses, lack of familiarity and experience with a condition may limit how comfortable clinicians are when managing these patients. Present a series of unique AND similar cases.

ijatt case study

Similar cases, however, will likely have been reported in other health care literature, and ATs’ awareness of the condition needs to increase.

The rare event case study is an avenue for providing this information in order to teach something new or to offer a refresher to others. How should the physicians—in this case, the team physician and the gynecologist—work together to manage this athlete’s condition? Exploration CASE series present compelling, practice-based unique evidence across multiple patients. As with individual CASE reports, 4 key features of the athletes’ specific cases, the taping technique that allowed them to participate fully and symptom free, and discussion of the outcomes of this case series would be expected.

Advantages and drawbacks to implementation were also reported. The PICO fits nicely into this proposed paradigm with a small revision. The purpose of validation CASE reports is to test the results of published external evidence in an actual clinical environment on an individual patient. The conditions themselves may not be unique or even rare, but an element or feature of the case is new.

ijatt case study

In this manner, the exploration case report goes beyond casd technical commentary or clinical pearl and examines the case under the lens of the best available evidence associated with the condition. The clinical case study currently holds a very low position in the hierarchy of clinical research evidence.

  GE FMP COURSEWORK

For rare event CASE reports, the comparative outcome should reference similar cases in the nonsports medicine literature.

ijatt case study

This clinician took care to determine the similarities between the current patient and the study participants. The consequences of DVT can be devastating, and it is therefore critically important that ATs understand who is at increased risk, the common diagnostic key features, and the appropriate decisions to make if an athlete develops a DVT.

Purpose The hallmarks of unique cases are atypical presentations of features.

Clinical Case Study as a Clinical Communication Tool

Despite concerns about the internal and external validity of case studies with regard to the inherent biases introduced by only 1 patient or a few patients, case studies serve as educational narratives for the development of new insights in clinical practice, education, and research. Clinical case reports as the intersection of research, education, and practice.

The type of evidence provided by exploration case studies is the framework for advancing the current perspectives on key features associated with the condition of interest, warranting further investigation.

Reports that are directly relevant to clinical practice must be supported. In the quest for scientific credibility, we may have inadvertently caused clinicians to feel as though their observations ijattt insights may not hold adequate merit. As we more closely examine the intersection of research, education, and practice Figure 1 and follow the proposed reorganization of the case study submissions, 6 4 categories of case studies emerge: Further, clinical communication is enhanced when we go beyond the unusual diagnosis.

Clinical Case Study as a Clinical Communication Tool

Each source of external czse 4 has key features with information that is critical to highlight regarding the clinical decisions we make and the outcomes that ensue. In summary, this new paradigm helps to tie together the best clinical practices, professional education, and research investigations through the common lens of EBP and PBE.

The case study levels offer no comparison with a control or alternative intervention.